This unique fruit was bred from a wild strain of strawberry in South America that faced extinction until 2003 when a group of Dutch farmers saved it. When ripe, it is almost completely white, but with red seeds. A pineberry is smaller than a common strawberry, measuring between 15 to 23 mm. Its genetic makeup is said to be identical to that of a strawberry, however it is a white berry with red seeds. By the time its deeply set seeds turn deep red, the white fruit is deemed ripe.
Because they are a brand new variety of fruit (they were just released earlier this spring), they are still very rare, but are currently being sold in the United Kingdom and Belize.
GMO: A GMO, or Genetically Modified Organism, has had its DNA altered via genetic engineering to make it more disease, pest, or chemical resistant, or to include desirable characteristics such as size, color, enhanced nutrition, or stability (shelf life). GMO produce might include tomatoes genetically-altered to stay firm, or corn, soybean, or sugar beet crops modified to resist pests, weed killers, or to be more drought tolerant. (Visit the Right to Know: Label GMO Foods website to find out more and how to get involved.) Close to 90% of the corn, soybean, cotton, and sugar beet crop grown in the U.S. has been genetically modified. Corn, soybean, and sugar beet byproducts are used in many processed foods. GMO foods are required to be labeled in the European Union. Here the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Environmental Protection Agency are responsible for regulating the production and safety of GMO foods. While the World Health Organization states “no effects on human health have been shown as a result of the consumption of such foods by the general population in the countries where they have been approved,” there have not been any studies addressing concerns about allergies and long-term effects on human health. Some studies have shown potential harm to non-modified plants and animals, including unintended crossbreeding, pesticide resistance, and population changes.
Hybrid: A hybrid, such as an aprium (apricot crossed with a plum) or plumcot (plum crossed with a apricot), is a variety made by naturally crossbreeding two separate varieties to create a new one. Hybridization can occur spontaneously in nature (through cross pollination) or be practiced by farmers and gardeners. Pioneering botanist Luther Burbank developed more than 800 plant varieties using hybridization, grafting, and cross breeding, all natural trait selection processes. Hybridization is a form of crossbreeding where two different varieties are combined resulting in an offspring that combines characteristics of the parent varieties. Over successive generations, the desirable traits can be tailored. Burbank brought us the first plumcot—a cross between a plum and an apricot—and the Russet Potato, among many other fruits, vegetables, and plants. In mammals, a hybrid example is the Labradoodle, produced by crossing a standard poodle and a Labrador retriever.
- FDA must heed consumers and require labeling of GMO-laced foods (juneauempire.com)
- What Are You Feeding Your Family? GMOs Upclose (revolutioninmedia.com)
- Avoid GMO Monsanto Foods Your Health Matters (doctoramarthacastro.wordpress.com)
- Marchers Throughout U.S. on Sunday to Demand GMO Food Labeling (danielrrosen.com)
- Doctors Take a Stand on GMOs (sustainablebusiness.com)
- How Do Genetically Modified Foods Affect Your Health? (sott.net)
- AMA Sits On The GMO Fence: Not necessary to label GMO’s, instead all that is needed is pre-market safety testing. (familysurvivalprotocol.wordpress.com)
- Real Food Right Now and How to Cook It: Strawberries (ecocentricblog.org)
- Fruits unknown to majority of us. (izitso.net)